farmland for sale

10 Tips for Finding the Perfect Agricultural Farmland for Sale

Finding the perfect agricultural farmland for sale can seem like a difficult process. In truth, you probably will have to spend some time looking at and researching several properties before you find one that you love and is the right fit to meet your goals.

Use these 10 tips to make sure that the farmland you choose is right for your plans.

land environmental contamination

1. Learn About the Land’s Previous Use

You probably plan to use agricultural land as a farm, ranch, vineyard, orchard, or possibly even a timber forest.

The land’s previous use could influence whether you want to buy the property. Land that has sat unused for decades may not have many nutrients left for your crops. An area that was used for industrial purposes, however, could have toxic chemicals hiding in the dirt and water.

Research the land’s previous use so you can avoid threats and focus on finding a farm with healthy soil.

soil

2. Test the Soil’s Acidity and Nutrients

Before you buy farmland for sale, you should make sure that the soil has the right nutrients and acidity to grow your preferred crops.

Nutrients that you should learn about include:

  • Phosphorus
  • Potassium
  • Calcium
  • Magnesium
  • Sulfur
  • Aluminum
  • Lead

Too much or too little of these nutrients could determine whether your crops thrive or fail.

The soil’s pH range also plays an important role in how well your plants grow. Neutral soil with a 6.5 to 7 pH works well for crops like:

  • Beets
  • Alfalfa
  • Clover

Slightly acidic soil with a 5.5 to 6.5 pH makes a great place to grow:

  • Corn
  • Barley
  • Wheat
  • Peanuts
  • Cotton

Real estate land with a 5 to 5.5 pH should support:

  • Potatoes
  • Sweet potatoes
  • Blueberries

You can purchase a soil test to measure nutrient levels, or you can reach out to your county’s Extension Office. Many County Extension Offices offer free or discounted soil testing services.

If you discover that the farmland for sale doesn’t have the nutrients and acidity needed for your crops, then you will spend time and money amending the soil before you plant.

flooded field

3. Observe the Farmland’s Soil Drainage

Most crops prefer soil that drains quickly after a rain shower. Well-drained soil helps protect plants from diseases like stalk rot, root rot, blight, and molds. Standing water also creates breeding grounds from troublesome insects, including mosquitoes, aphids, and beetles that eat leaves.

You can improve a farm’s drainage by adding perlite, sand, compost, mulch, or vermiculite into the soil. Again, amending the soil will require time and money. If you want to start farming immediately, buy farmland for sale that already drains quickly.

farmland topology

4. Analyze the Agricultural Land’s Topology

Topology plays a crucial role in a farm’s success. Most farmers avoid land with steep hills because water can wash away necessary nutrients down the incline. If you want to buy land for sale in an arid region, then topology probably doesn’t matter as much. For example, plenty of people raise grapes successfully on hillsides in Arizona.

Just make sure that the agricultural farmland’s topography matches the needs of your crops.

5. Research Access to Resources

electrical power lines rural landSome agricultural land sits in the middle or outskirts of densely populated cities. Most farmland, however, is in rural areas. Depending on the agricultural land’s location, you may not have access to resources like water, electricity, and natural gas.

Some properties can give you a leg-up when it comes to resources needed. For example, a farm with a large pond, might give you access to all of the water you need for your crops.

If you cannot connect to the electrical grid or natural gas, though, you will face challenges using some machinery, controlling airflow through tunnels, and growing crops in hothouses during the winter.

In some cases, you can extend water and natural gas lines from municipal sources to your farm. The project could cost quite a bit of money, though.

6. Know Whether the Existing Infrastructure Meets Your Needs

Agricultural land involves much more than healthy soil. You need a farm infrastructure that helps you grow and sell crops. You can break the most important types of infrastructure into four categories:

  • Roads
  • Buildings
  • Irrigation
  • Electricity

Farmland roads need to accommodate large machinery like tractors, rollers, and cultivators as well as trucks.

Buildings should give you a safe place to store your equipment and crops. Think beyond having a good barn that protects hay from the rain. You may need to even look for buildings like grain silos, packing facilities, and refrigerated sheds that keep produce fresh.

Irrigation infrastructure could include anything from drip irrigation systems that run along rows of crops to overhead systems that sprinkle crops automatically. Before you buy farmland, make sure it has an efficient irrigation system that will give your crops the right amounts of water.

Also, keep in mind that electricity becomes scarce when you travel deeper into a farm’s acreage. Ideally, you have an electrical infrastructure that lets you turn on lights at night to operate equipment in the fields. Don’t expect access on every acre, though – That’s rare.

rural road

7. Determine How Easily You Can Reach The Farmland That’s for Sale

When you look at a map, the farmland for sale may seem to have a location right off a major highway or interstate. In reality, you may have to drive across miles of country road to get from the interstate’s exit to property.

You may not mind driving an hour from your farmland to the nearest major road. Consider, though, that you will need to haul heavy equipment and crops several times a year. The time and expense of driving your car 50 miles are considerably lower than the time and cost of hauling a 6,000-pound tractor along the same route.

8. Estimate The Distance To Distributors, Retailers, And Markets

You will also likely need to consider how easily you can reach the distributors, retailers, and markets that buy your crops. Every hour that you spend on the road is time away from your fields.

Since you want to build an efficient supply chain, look for agricultural land that puts you within reasonable distance of distributors and retailers. A centralized location that gives you easy access to several of the region’s cities and towns could help turn your farm into a successful business.

cell tower

9. Check The Area’s Cell Phone Reception

Today’s farmers need smartphones so they can stay connected to their employees, clients, and distributors. An area without good cell phone reception will make it difficult for you to contact the people who make your business successful.

You can use online tools to see whether an area gets good reception. The best test, though, is to visit the location and see how well your mobile device performs there. If you get poor reception, talk to your carrier about adding nearby cell towers, or if there is no other option you may want to choose a different property that already gets good reception.

oil pump field

10. Research Whether Someone Owns Mineral Or Gas Rights

Buying farmland for sale doesn’t mean that you own everything below the surface. Someone else could own mineral and gas rights. If they discover coal, natural gas, or other materials on your property, then they could have the right to enter your land and start mining.

As recently as 2019, the West Virginia Supreme Court upheld the right of mineral owners to use surface land to access minerals, even if doing so disrupts the surface owner’s business.

Conclusion

land agent

A lot of research goes into finding farmland that matches your unique needs. Before you invest in farm real estatefind a qualified land real estate agent to assist with your purchase who can help you pinpoint the best opportunities. Land real estate transactions require specialized expertise and experience, especially when it comes to finding the right farmland for sale. One discussion could save you from a disastrous decision that costs you time and money.

11 replies
  1. Rita Sanders
    Rita Sanders says:

    It’s helpful that driving your tractor along the same route will cost more because that’s something to think about. You don’t want to be wasting money on things like gas. If you save money on hauling stuff to and from your farm, you can put it somewhere more important.

    Reply
  2. Rebecca Gardner
    Rebecca Gardner says:

    It was helpful when you explained that farmers need to be able to use their smartphones in the area so they can stay connected. My brother and his wife plan on buying some rural land and working with an agriculture solutions company so they can start a grain farm later this year. I’m glad I read your article so I can let them know what factors to consider as they start looking at plots of land for sale!

    Reply
  3. Levi Armstrong
    Levi Armstrong says:

    Thanks for informing me about the importance of checking the ranch lands access to resources to ensure that we could obtain water, electricity, and natural gas in the area. My husband and I are considering buying a ranch in a rural town because our kids have stable jobs, and we no longer need to provide for them. We want to get early retirement and spend the rest of our lives farming and taking care of livestock. I’ll take note of what you said because we wouldn’t want to extend water and gas lines for municipal sources because that would be very expensive. Thanks a lot!

    Reply

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